Matted hair is only expected to arise when natural hair is left uncared for (especially curly and coily hair) and it may seem impossible to detangle without having to chop it off. But dont fret, this guide will teach you how to detangle your matted hair without the need to cut it off!
What is Matted Hair?
Matted hair is an intensified version of tangled hair. It's like a mat of shed hair and your strands, woven into a coarse clump of tangles and most times it can't be reversed so easily. Curly and coily hair experiences hair mats more often than other hair types do, because your natural curls can grow around each other and tangle up if not frequently moisturized and tamed. Chemical treated hair like relaxed or dyed hair, experiences hair mats often as well. The best solution to matted hair is to detangle it properly as soon as you notice it, so it doesn't tangle up the more and cause your hair to break.
How do you detangle matted hair?
Step 1: Shampoo with warm water
Matted hair contains oil and dirt clogged up inside, which clump together and may make detangling cumbersome. Use warm water and your favorite shampoo to wash the dirt all out. We know it might be tempting to try to detangle your matted hair in the shower but detangling mats when dripping wet can cause more harm than good.
Step 2: Saturate
The friction in dry and brittle hair can cause your mats to break if detangled. Filling your hair with a generous amount of moisture will allow your strands to slide against each other easily and prevent cutting. Drown your hair in your favorite leave-in-conditioner or hair oils like coconut oil and olive oil to soften the tension between the tangled strands. Or even better, deep condition your hair before detangling.
Step 3: Wait for the moisture to set in
After you've saturated your strands, you would have to wait for the moisture to set in. Depending on your hair porosity, wait for 30 minutes to 2 hours, so that your strands are fully saturated.
Step 4: Loosen the matted hair with your fingers
Small knots at the top of the area of mats can be pulled into separate smaller tangles. Gently try to loosen the knots by pulling them apart sideways with your fingers (not ripping them apart). Don't expect to fully detangle the mats in your hair. This step is just to ease the main detangling process done with a wide-tooth comb
Step 5: Use a wide-tooth comb for stubborn mats
A wide-tooth comb is a staple for detangling your hair. Its spaced comb design is essential to cause less resistance when combing out mats. Small tooth combs will make you tug on the clumps of hair and this leads to breakage. Plus, you might get demotivated from saving your strands. Use a comb that isn't too wide so that smaller tangles don't slip through.
Step 6: Comb the ends of your hair first
Always start from the ends and comb downwards bit by bit until the section is free from tangles. Then work up to the top of the matted hair. This step requires a lot of patience, especially for severely matted hair – we're talking 30 minutes or more.
If the tension increases and your scalp is sensitive you can grasp the portion of your hair and twist it around your finger so it doesn't directly tug on your scalp.
Step 7: Apply conditioner or oil in between detangling
If you need to reapply conditioner, don't be shy to pour more so that your mats can constantly be soft through the process.
Step 8: Use a small tooth comb to detangle small knots
After detangling all the severe mats with a wide-tooth comb, go in with a fine-toothed comb to remove the small knots that remain.
Step 9: Rinse hair with cold water
When your hair is mat free, rinse your hair with cold water. Coldwater will smoothen your strands and prevent them from tangling further.
Step 10: Do a protective hairstyle
How to prevent matted hair
Protect your hair at night
If you own a silk bonnet or silk pillowcases, then you're on the right track in preventing those troublesome mats. When your hair rubs against silk, it doesn't only maintain your hairstyle but retains moisture within your strands and prevents frizz and breakage. Cotton sucks up the moisture in your hair and produces friction that frizzes your hair. You could also do a loose pineapple to maintain your curls and prevent your strands from tangling up.
If you are doing a twist out, you don't have to re-twist your hair every night before going to bed. Instead, tie it up into a loose pineapple, and your twist out will look brand new in the morning. This also implies to braid outs.
Avoid harsh chemicals that make your hair brittle
Chemical styling, like relaxing or dyeing, usually involves restructuring your strands to achieve the desired result. Hair dyeing, for instance, makes your protein layer more porous to allow the dye penetrate into your strands. This makes your hair loose it's ability to retain moisture well and therefore frequently dries up and becomes brittle. That is why if you intend on dyeing your hair, we recommend you use non-damaging temporary hair colors from Curlfit. And if you want to relax your hair, you can heat style it instead, with heat protectant spray.
Don't leave protective styles for more than 6 weeks
Protective hairstyles are great, but when left for more than 6 weeks, becomes harmful. Your crown naturally sheds hair daily, so when your hair is left in a style for a long time, the shed hair accumulates and ends up tangling up. Protective styles should be made on washed, detangled, and moisturized hair. After 4-6 weeks, (depending on the style) gently loosen your crown and detangle it after conditioning.
Every wash day should always include a detangling session. Leaving your hair in tangles for a long time will give it a more intensified version of tangled hair AKA matted hair.
Trim your hair
Apart from making your hair have less lustre, split ends and knots promote hair matting. After 6-8 weeks, it's proper to trim your damaged ends to keep your hair healthy and in shape.